Obstetrics and Gynecology
Nature of the work
Obstetricians and gynecologists (OB/GYNs) specialize in women
health. They are responsible for womens general medical care, and they
also provide care related to pregnancy and the reproductive system. Like general
practitioners, OB/GYNs attempt to prevent, diagnose, and treat general health
problems, but they focus on ailments specific to the female
anatomy, such as
cancers of the breast or cervix, urinary tract and pelvic disorders, and
hormonal disorders. OB/GYNs also specialize in childbirth, treating and
counseling women throughout their pregnancy, from giving prenatal diagnoses to
assisting with delivery and providing postpartum care. An
obstetrician/gynecologist possesses special knowledge, skills and professional
capability in the medical and surgical care of the female reproductive system
and associated disorders. This physician serves as a consultant to other
physicians, and as a primary physician for women.1
Critical Care Medicine - diagnoses, treats and supports female
patients with multiple organ dysfunction.
Gynecologic Oncology - provides consultation and comprehensive management
of patients with gynecologic cancer.
Hospice and Palliative Medicine - prevents and relieve the suffering
experienced by patients with life-limiting illnesses.
Maternal and Fetal Medicine - cares for, or provides consultation on,
patients with complications of pregnancy. This specialist has advanced knowledge
of the obstetrical, medical and surgical complications of pregnancy.
Reproductive Endocrinology/Infertility - manages complex problems
relating to reproductive endocrinology and infertility.
The residency for Obstetrics and gynecology is four years. One to three years
of additional training is required to practice in one of the subspecialty areas.
The annual salary ranges from approximately $231,514 to $304,689.2
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